INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES SCHEME (ICDS)


The programme of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) was launched on October 2, 1975 in 33 blocks in the country on an experimental basis to commemorate the 106th birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi seeking to provide an integrated package of services in a convergent manner for the holistic development of the child. In Haryana, ICDS was launched in Kathura block of Sonepat district at first.

ICDS symbolizes the country's commitment to its children.

ICDS promotes child survival and development through an integrated approach for converging basic services for improved child care, early stimulation and learning, improved enrolment and retention, health and nutrition, and water and environmental sanitation.

Integrated and inter-sectoral nature, coordination mechanism, community involvement, training infrastructure and monitoring system make ICDS a unique programme.

ICDS has the potential to achieve the major national nutrition, health and educational goals of the National Plan of Action for Children.

ICDS provides increased opportunities for according children their rights.

ICDS through its advocacy and social mobilization components aims to empower the community using communication channels and media as tools for development.

The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme was conceived with an integrated delivery package of early childhood services so that their synergistic effect can be taken full advantage. The Scheme aims to improve the nutritional and health status of vulnerable groups including pre-school children, pregnant women and nursing mothers through providing a package of services including supplementary nutrition, pre-school education, immunization, health check up, referral services and nutrition and health education.

In addition, the Scheme envisages effective convergence of inter-sectoral services in the Anganwadi Centres.

Objectives


To improve the nutritional and Health status of pre-school children in the age- group of 0-6 years;

To lay the foundation of proper psychological development of the child;

To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school drop-out;

To achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development; and

To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.

Services

HEALTH

A) IMMUNIZATION

Immunization of pregnant women and infants protects children from six vaccine preventable diseases-poliomyelitis, diphtheria , pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis and measles. These are major preventable causes of child mortality, disability, morbidity and related mal-nutrition. Immunization of pregnant women against tetanus also reduces maternal mortality. PHC and its subordinate health infrastructure carry out immunization of infants and expectant mothers as per the national immunization schedule. The Anganwadi Worker assists the health functionaries in coverage of the target population for immunization.

B) Health Check up:-

Multi-Purpose Health Workers (Female) and Lady Health Visitors, Health Supervisors (Female) pay regular visits to the Anganwadi Centres, where ante-natal care of expecting mothers, postnatal care of nursing mothers and health needs of the children upto 6 years of age are attended to. Medical Officers of the area also carry out health check up of children and mothers periodically.

C) Referral Services:-

During health check-ups and growth monitoring, sick or malnourished children, in need of prompt medical attention are provided referral services through ICDS.

D) Treatment of Minor Illnesses

Multipurpose Health Workers (Female)/ Health Supervisors (Female) also diagnose minor ailments and distribute simple medicines in Anganwadi Centres. Each Anganwadi Worker has a small medicine kit with basic medicines for common ailments like fever, cold, cough, diarrhoea, worms, skin and eye infections that she dispenses as and when required.

NUTRITION

i) Supplementary Nutrition:- All children in the age group of 6 month to 6 years, and pregnant & lactating mothers shall be provided Supplementary Nutrition as per norms, irrespective of their nutritional status or income status of the family to which they belong, as per guidelines laid down by GOI vide letter No. F. I. 19-5/2003-CD-I (Pt.) Dated 07.03.2006. Nutritional Norms: - Nutritional norm has been revised vide letter no. 5-9/2005-ND-Tech Vol.-II dated 24.02.2009 by Government of India